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In Press

  • Bradford, M. A., Veen, G. F., Bonis, A., Bradford, E. M., Classen, A. T., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Crowther, T. W., De Long, J. R., Freschet, G. T., Kardol, P., Manrubia-Freixa, M., Maynard, D. S., Newman, G. S., van Logtestijn, R. S. P., Viketoft, M., Wardle, D. A., Wieder, W. R., Wood, D. A. and van der Putten, W. H. (2017) A test of the hierarchical model of litter decomposition. Nature Ecology and Evolution (in press).
  • Fanin, N., Gundale, M. J., Farrell, M., Ciobanu, M., Baldock, J. A., Nilsson, M.-C., Kardol, P. and Wardle, D. A. (2018) Consistent effects of biodiversity loss on multifunctionality across contrasting ecosystems. Nature Ecology and Evolution (in press).
  • Inderjit, Catford, J. A., Kalisz, S., Simberloff, D. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) A framework for understanding human-driven vegetation change. Oikos (in press).
  • Lett, S., Wardle, D. A., Nilsson, M.-C., Teuber, L. and Dorrepaal, E. (2018) The role of bryophytes for tree seedling responses to winter climate change: implications for the stress gradient hypothesis. Journal of Ecology (in press).
  • Luskin, M.S., Albert, W.R. and Tobler, M.V. (2017). Sumatran tiger survival threatened by deforestation despite increasing densities in parks. Nature Communications (in press).
  • Luskin, M.S., Brashares, J.S., Ickes, K., Fletcher, C.D., Wright, S.J., Potts, M.D. (2017). Cross-boundary subsidy cascades from oil palm degrade distant tropical forests. Nature Communications (in press).
  • Luskin, M.S., Lee, J.S.H., Edwards, D., Gibson, L. & Potts, M.D. (2017) A quantitative review of land sparing agricultural production strategies to conserve tropical forest biodiversity. Global Food Security (in press).



  • Asplund, J and Wardle, D. A. (2017) How lichens impact on terrestrial community and ecosystem properties. Biological Reviews 92: 1720-1738.
  • Bokhorst, S., Kardol, P., Bellingham, P. J., Kooyman, R. M., Richardson, S. J., Schmidt, S. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Responses of communities of soil organisms and plants to soil aging at two contrasting long-term chronosequences. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 106: 69-79.
  • Bokhorst, S., Berg, M. P., and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Micro-arthropod community responses to ecosystem retrogression in boreal forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 110: 79-86.
  • Freschet, G. T., Valverde-Barrantes, O. J., Tucker, C. M., Craine, J. M., McCormack, M. L., Violle, C., Fort, F., Blackwood, C. B., Urban-Mead, K. R. U., Iversen, C. M., Bonis, A., Comas, L. H., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Dong, M., Guo, D., Hobbie, S. E., Holdaway, R. J., Kembel, S. W., Makita, N., Onipchenko, V. G., Picon-Cochard, C., Reich, P. B., De la Riva, E. G., Smith, S. W., Soudzilovskaia, N. A., Tjoelker, M., Wardle, D. A. & Roumet, C. (2017) Climate, soil and plant functional types as drivers of global fine-root trait variation. Journal of Ecology 105: 1182-1196.
  • Giesler, R., Clemmensen, K. E., Wardle, D. A., Klaminder, J. and Bindler, R. (2017) Boreal forests sequester large amounts of mercury over millennial time scales in the absence of wildfire. Environmental Science and Technology 51: 2621-2627.
  • Gundale, M. J., Wardle, D. A., Kardol, P., Van der Putten, W. H. and Lucas, R. W. (2017) Soil handling methods should be selected based on research questions and goals. New Phytologist 216: 18-23.
  • Isbell, F., Gonzalez, A., Loreau, M., Cowles, J., Díaz, S., Hector, A., Mace, G. M., Wardle, D. A., O'Connor, M. I., Duffy, J. E., Turnbull, L. A., Thompson, P. L. and Larigauderie, A. (2017) Linking the influence and dependence of people on biodiversity across scales. Nature 546: 65-72.
  • Ke, A. and Luskin, M. S. (2017) Integrating disparate occurrence reports to map data-poor species ranges and occupancy: a case study of the Vulnerable bearded pig Sus barbatus. Oryx 55:  1-11.
  • Laliberté, E., Kardol, P., Didham, R. K., Teste, F. P., Turner, B. L. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Soil fertility shapes belowground food webs across a regional climate gradient. Ecology Letters 20: 1273-1284.
  • Lett, S., Nilsson, M.-C., Wardle, D. A. and Dorrepaal, E. (2017) Bryophyte traits explain climate-warming effects on tree seedling establishment. Journal of Ecology 105: 496-506.
  • Liebhold, A. M., Brockerhoff, E. G., Kalisz, S., Nuñez, M. A., Wardle, D. A. and Wingfield, M. J. (2017). Biological invasions in forest ecosystems (Elton review). Biological Invasions 11: 3437-3458.
  • Mayor, J. R., Sanders, N. J., Classen, A. T., Bardgett, R. D., Clément, J. J., Fajardo, A., Lavorel, S., Sundqvist, M. K., Bahn, M., Chisholm, C., Cieraad, E., Gedalof, Z., Grigulis, K., Kudo, G.,  Oberski, D. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Elevation alters ecosystem properties across temperate treelines globally. Nature 542: 91-97.
  • Ricciardi, A., Blackburn, T. M., Carlton, J. T., Dick, J. T. A., Hulme, P. E., Iacarella, J. C., Jeschke, J. M.,  Liebhold, A. M., Lockwood, J. L., MacIsaac, H. J., Pyšek, P., Richardson, D. M., Ruiz, G. M., Simberloff, D.,  Sutherland, W. J., Wardle, D. A. and Aldridge, D. C. (2017) Invasion science: a horizon scan of emerging challenges and opportunities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32: 464-474.
  • Ricciardi, A., Blackburn, T. M., Carlton, J. T., Dick, J. T. A., Hulme, P. E., Iacarella, J. C., Jeschke, J. M.,  Liebhold, A. M., Lockwood, J. L., MacIsaac, H. J., Pyšek, P., Richardson, D. M., Ruiz, G. M., Simberloff, D.,  Sutherland, W. J., Wardle, D. A. and Aldridge, D. C. (2017) Invasion science: Looking forward rather than revisiting old ground. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32: 809-810.
  • Teste, F. P., Kardol, P., Turner, B. L., Wardle, D. A., Zemunik, G., Renton, M. and Laliberté, E. (2017) Plant-soil biota feedback and the maintenance of diversity in Mediterranean-climate shrublands. Science 355: 173-176.
  • Thoresen, J., Towns, D., Leuzinger, S., Durrett, M., Mulder, C. P. H. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Invasive rodents have multiple indirect effects on seabird island invertebrate food web structure. Ecological Applications 27: 1190-1198.
  • Veen, G. F., De Long, J. R., Kardol, P., Sundqvist, M. K., Snoek, L. B. and Wardle, D. A. (2017) Coordinated responses of soil communities to elevation in three subarctic vegetation types. Oikos 126: 1586-1599.
  • Wardle, D. A. and Peltzer, D. (2017) Impacts of invasive biota in forest ecosystems in an aboveground-belowground context. Biological Invasions 19: 3301-3316.  
  • Wright, A. J., Wardle, D. A., Callaway, R. and Gaxiola, A. (2017) The overlooked role of facilitation in biodiversity experiments. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32: 383-390.


2016 and earlier (including historic Bukit Timah Nature Reserve papers) 

  • Harrison, R.D., Sreekar, R., Brodie, J.F., Brook, S., Luskin, M.S., O’Kelley, H., Rao, M., Scheffers, B. and Velho, N. (2016) Impacts of hunting and wildlife trade on Asian tropical forests. Conservation Biology 30: 972-983.
  • Kenzo, T., Ichie, T., Norichika, Y., Kamiya, K., Nanami, S., Igarashi, S., Sano, M., Yoneda, R., Lum, S.K.Y.  2016. Growth and survival of hybrid dipterocarp seedlings in a tropical rain forest fragment in Singapore. Plant Ecology and Diversity 9: 447-45.
  • Ngo, K.M., Davies, S., Nik Hassan, N.F., Lum, S. 2016. Resilience of a forest fragment exposed to long-term isolation in Singapore. Plant Ecology and Diversity 9: 397-407.
  • Pei, N., Erickson, D.L., Chen, B., Ge, X., Mi, X., Swenson, N.G., Zhang, J.-L., Jones, F.A., Huang, C.-L., Ye, W., Hao, Z., Hsieh, C.-F., Lum, S., Bourg, N.A., Parker, J.D., Zimmerman, J.K., McShea, W.J., Lopez, I.C., Sun, I.-F., Davies, S.J., Ma, K., Kress, W.J. 2015. Closely-related taxa influence woody species discrimination via DNA barcoding: Evidence from global forest dynamics plots. Scientific Reports 5: 15127
  • Weerakoon, G., Ngo, K.M., Lum, S., Lumbsch, H.T., Lücking, R. 2015. On time or fashionably late for lichen discoveries in Singapore? Seven new species and nineteen new records of Graphidaceae from the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, a highly urbanized tropical environment in South-East Asia. Lichenologist 47: 157-166
  • Erickson, D.L., F.A. Jones, N.G. Swenson, N. Pei, N.A. Bourg, W. Chen, S.J. Davies, X.J. Ge, Z.Q. Hao, R.W. Howe, C.L. Huang, A.J. Larson, S.K.Y. Lum, J.A. Lutz, K.P. Ma, M. Meegaskumbura, D.L. Xing, J.K. Zimmerman, & W.J. Kress. 2014. Comparative evolutionary diversity and phylogenetic structure across multiple forest dynamics plots: a mega-phylogeny approach. Frontiers in Genetics 5: 358
  • Chua S.C., B.S. Ramage, K.M. Ngo, M.D. Potts, S.K.Y. Lum. 2013. Slow recovery of a secondary tropical forest in Southeast Asia. Forest Ecology and Management 308: 153-160
  • Ngo, K.M., B.L. Turner, H.C. Muller-Landau, S.J. Davies, M. Larjavaara, Nik Faizu N.H., and S. Lum. 2013. Carbon stocks in primary and secondary tropical forests in Singapore. Forest Ecology and Management 296: 81-89.
  • Kamiya, K., Y.Y. Gan, S.K.Y. Lum, M.S. Khoo, S.C. Chua, Nik Faizu N.H. 2010. Morphological and molecular evidence of natural hybridization in Shorea (Dipterocarpaceae). Tree Genomes & Genomics 7: 297-306.
  • Shono, K., Davies, S.J., Chua Y.K. 2006. Regeneration of native plant species in restored forest on degraded lands in Singapore. Forest Ecology and Management 237: 574-582
  • LaFrankie, J.V., S.J. Davies, L.K. Wang, S.K. Lee, and S.K.Y. Lum. 2005. Forest trees of Bukit Timah: Population ecology in a tropical forest fragment. Singapore: Center for Tropical Forest Science-Arnold Arboretum Asia Program.
  • Lum, Shawn K.Y., S.K. Lee, and J.V. LaFrankie. 2005. Bukit Timah Forest Dynamics Plot, Singapore.  In: Losos, Elizabeth C. and E.G. Leigh, Jr (Eds.).  Tropical forest diversity and dynamism: Findings from a large-scale plot network.  Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. pp. 464-473.
  • Ercelawn, A.C., J.V. LaFrankie, S.K.Y. Lum, and S.K. Lee.  1998.  Short-term recruitment of trees in a forest fragment in Singapore.  Tropics 8 (1/2): 105-115.